Osteoarthritis is the very common form of the arthritis. It will cause pain, swelling & reduced motion in the joints. It may occur in any joint, but generally it affects the hands, knees, hips or even spine. Osteoarthritis will breaks down the cartilage in the joints. Cartilage is a slippery tissue which covers the ends of the bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage will absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose the cartilage, the bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing may also permanently damage the joint.
Risk factors for the osteoarthritis includes
- Being overweight
- Getting too older
- Injuring a joint
Being overweight will puts additional pressure on the hips & knees. Many years of carrying the extra pounds may also causes the cartilage that cushions the joints to break down faster. There is a link in between being overweight & having an increased risk of the osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis was a chronic (long-term) disease. Long-term management of this disease includes several factors:
- Managing of the symptoms, like pain, stiffness & swelling
- Improving the joint mobility & flexibility
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Getting enough of the physical activity
Excessive body weight will adds additional stress to the weight-bearing joints, like hips, back, knees and feet. Losing weight may help the people with reduce pain & limit further joint damage.