Obesity has a far-range of negative effects on health. The health effects which related with the obesity includes the following:
High blood pressure:- Extra fat tissue in the body needs oxygen & nutrients in order to live that requires the blood vessels to circulate more amount of the blood to fat tissue. This will increases the workload of heart because it need to pump more amount of blood through the additional blood vessels. More circulating blood means that more pressure on artery walls. Higher pressure on the artery walls will increases the blood pressure & extra weight will raise the heart rate & decreases the body's ability to transport the blood through the vessels.
Diabetes:- Obesity was the major cause of the type 2 diabetes. This kind of diabetes usually begins in the adulthood but, is now occurring in the children. When obesity causes the insulin resistance, the blood sugar may become elevated. Even obesity is moderate dramatically it will increases the risk of the diabetes.
Heart disease:-Atherosclerosis is the hardening of arteries, it is present 10 times more often in the obese people when compared to those who were not obese.Coronary artery diseasewas also more prevalent due to the fatty deposits build up in the arteries which supply the heart. Narrowed arteries & reduced blood flow to heart may cause chest pain called as angina or aheart attack. Blood clots may also form in the narrowed arteries & causes a stroke.
Joint problems including osteoarthritis- Obesity may affect the knees & hips because of stress placed on the joints by the extra weight. Joint replacement surgery, while commonly done on damaged joints, it is not advisable choice for an obese person because of the artificial joint has certain higher risk of loosening & causing further damage to it.
Sleep apnea & respiratory problems-Sleep apnea, which causes the people to stop breathing for brief periods, it will interrupt the sleep during the night & causes sleepiness during day. It will also causes heavy snoring. Respiratory problems related with obesity will occur when added weight of chest wall squeezes the lungs & causes restricted breathing. Sleep apnea is also related with the high blood pressure.
Cancer- In women, being overweight will contributes to increased risk of variety of cancers which includesbreast cancer, uterus, colon and gallbladder. Men who were overweight will have a higher risk ofthe colon cancer & prostate cancers.
Metabolic syndrome-Metabolic syndrome consists of six main components: elevated blood pressure, abdominal obesity, elevated blood cholesterol, insulin resistance with or without the glucose intolerance, elevation of blood components which indicate inflammation & elevation of some certain clotting factors in the blood.
Psychosocial effects- Overweight & obese persons were often blamed for their condition & will consider themselves as to be lazy or weak-willed. It was not uncommon for the overweight or obese conditions to result in persons having lower incomes or having lesser or no romantic relationships.
Reproductive Problems - Obesity may also cause some menstrual issues & infertility in women.
Gallstones - People who are suffering with overweight or obese are at an increased risk of the gallstones. Also, being overweight can result in the enlarged gallbladder and it wont work well.